Career Stream #4:
Corporate Office Positions in Alaska's Seafood Industry

Corporate Positions

President, CEO of Seafood Company - Plans, develops, and establishes policies and objectives of Seafood business organization in accordance with board directives and corporation charter: Confers with company officials to plan business objectives, to develop organizational policies to coordinate functions and operations between divisions and departments, and to establish responsibilities and procedures for attaining objectives. Reviews activity reports and financial statements to determine progress and status in attaining objectives and revises objectives and plans in accordance with current conditions. Directs and coordinates formulation of financial programs to provide funding for new or continuing operations to maximize returns on investments, and to increase productivity. Plans and develops industrial, labor, and public relations policies designed to improve company's image and relations with customers, employees, stockholders, and public. Evaluates performance of executives for compliance with established policies and objectives of firm and contributions in attaining objectives. May preside over board of directors. May serve as chairman of committees, such as management, executive, engineering, and sales.

Senior Vice President Production Operation - (any industry) Directs and coordinates activities of one or more departments, such as engineering, operations, or sales, or major division of business organization, and aids chief administrative officer in formulating and administering organization policies: Participates in formulating and administering company policies and developing long range goals and objectives. Directs and coordinates activities of department or division for which responsibility is delegated to further attainment of goals and objectives. Reviews analyses of activities, costs, operations, and forecast data to determine department or division progress toward stated goals and objectives. Confers with chief administrative officer and other administrative personnel to review achievements and discuss required changes in goals or objectives resulting from current status and conditions. May perform duties of PRESIDENT (any industry) during absence. May serve as member of management committees on special studies.

Corporate Secretary - Alternate titles: executive secretary. Keeps official corporation records and executes administrative policies determined by or in conjunction with other officials: Prepares memorandums outlining and explaining administrative procedures and policies to supervisory workers. Plans conferences. Directs preparation of records, such as notices, minutes, and resolutions for stockholders and directors' meetings. Directs recording of company stock issues and transfers. Acts as custodian of corporate documents and records. Directs preparation and filing of corporate legal documents with government agencies to conform with statutes. In small organizations, such as trade, civic, or welfare associations, often performs publicity work. Depending on organization, works in line or staff capacity.

Vice President Accounting & Finance: ACCOUNTANT, BUDGET. Applies principles of accounting to analyze past and present financial operations and estimates future revenues and expenditures to prepare budget: Analyzes records of present and past operations, trends and costs, estimated and realized revenues, administrative commitments, and obligations incurred to project future revenues and expenses, using computer. Documents revenues and expenditures expected and submits to management. Maintains budgeting systems, which provide control of expenditures made to carry out activities, such as advertising and marketing, production, maintenance, or to project activities, such as construction of buildings. Advises management on matters, such as effective use of resources and assumptions underlying budget forecasts. Interprets budgets to management. May develop and install manual or computer-based budgeting system. May assist in financial analysis of legislative projects to develop capital improvement budget and be designated Program Analyst (government ser.). May assist communities to develop budget and efficient use of funds and be designated Public Finance Specialist.

Accountant - Applies principles of accounting to analyze financial information and prepare financial reports: Compiles and analyzes financial information to prepare entries to accounts, such as general ledger accounts, documenting business transactions. Analyzes financial information detailing assets, liabilities, and capital, and prepares balance sheet, profit and loss statement, and other reports to summarize current and projected company financial position, using calculator or computer. Audits, contracts, orders, and vouchers, and prepares reports to substantiate individual transactions prior to settlement. May establish, modify, document, and coordinate implementation of accounting and accounting control procedures. May devise and implement manual or computer-based system for general accounting. May supervise clerical workers performing accounting and bookkeeping tasks.

Payroll Accountant - Alternate titles: supervisor, payroll, payroll clerk, chief; timekeeper supervisor. Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in recording hours of work, processing time records, compiling payroll statistics, maintaining payroll control records, and calculating payrolls: Reviews, or directs review of, personnel records to determine names, rates of pay, and occupations of newly hired workers, and changes in wage rates and occupations of employees on payroll. Records, or directs recording of, new or changed pay rates in payroll register or computer files. Directs computation of pay according to company policy. Directs compilation and preparation of other payroll data, such as pension, insurance, and credit union payments. Reviews and approves payroll deductions. Interprets company policies and government regulations affecting payroll procedures. Directs preparation of government reports. Reviews payroll to ensure accuracy. May direct activities of workers engaged in computing costs of production, such as labor and equipment. Performs duties described under SUPERVISOR (clerical) Master Title.

Vice President Production Operations - Alternate title: production superintendant, manager, factory; manager, general; manager, plant; manager, production; plant supervisor; superintendent, factory; superintendent, general; superintendent, mill; superintendent, plant. Directs and coordinates, through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities concerned with production of company product(s), utilizing knowledge of product technology, production methods and procedures, and capabilities of machines and equipment: Confers with management personnel to establish production and quality control standards, develop budget and cost controls, and to obtain data regarding types, quantities, specifications, and delivery dates of products ordered. Plans and directs production activities and establishes production priorities for products in keeping with effective operations and cost factors. Coordinates production activities with procurement, maintenance, and quality control activities to obtain optimum production and utilization of human resources, machines, and equipment. Reviews and analyzes production, quality control, maintenance, and operational reports to determine causes of nonconformity with product specifications, and operating or production problems. Develops and implements operating methods and procedures designed to eliminate operating problems and improve product quality. Revises production schedules and priorities as result of equipment failure or operating problems. Consults with engineering personnel relative to modification of machines and equipment in order to improve production and quality of products. Conducts hearings to resolve or effect settlement of grievances and refers unresolved grievances for management-union negotiations. Supervises subordinates directly in plants having no GENERAL SUPERVISOR, PRODUCTION SUPERINTENDENTS are usually designated according to product produced or by type of plant, industry, or activity. May compile, store, and retrieve production data, using computer.

Vice President Administration - Alternate titles: MANAGER, OFFICE, chief clerk; manager, administrative services. Coordinates activities of clerical personnel in establishment or organization: Analyses and organizes office operations and procedures, such as typing, bookkeeping, preparation of payrolls, flow of correspondence, filing, requisition of supplies, and other clerical services. Evaluates office production, revises procedures, or devises new forms to improve efficiency of workflow. Establishes uniform correspondence procedures and style practices. Formulates procedures for systematic retention, protection, retrieval, transfer, and disposal of records. Plans office layouts and initiates cost reduction programs. Reviews clerical and personnel records to ensure completeness, accuracy, and timeliness. Prepares activities reports for guidance of management, using computer. Prepares employee ratings and conducts employee benefit and insurance programs, using computer. Coordinates activities of various clerical departments or workers within department. May prepare organizational budget and monthly financial reports. May hire, train, and supervise clerical staff. May compile, store, and retrieve managerial data, using computer.

Company Lobbyist - Alternate titles: legislative advocate. Contacts and confers with members of legislature and other holders of public office to persuade them to support legislation favorable to client's interest: Studies proposed legislation to determine possible effect on interest of client, who may be person, specific group, or general public. Confers with legislators and officials to emphasize supposed weaknesses or merits of specific bills to influence passage, defeat, or amendment of measure, or introduction of legislation more favorable to client's interests. Contacts individuals and groups having similar interests in order to encourage them also to contact legislators and present views. Prepares news releases and informational pamphlets and conducts news conferences in order to state client's views and to inform public of features of proposed legislation considered desirable or undesirable. Plans and coordinates meetings between members and elected officials to discuss legislative issues and proposals and allow officials to respond to membership concerns. May contact regulatory agencies and testify at public hearings to enlist support for client's interests. May be legally required to register with governmental authorities as lobbyist and to submit reports of regulated expenditures incurred during lobbying activities. May attend and represent local organization at state and national association meetings. May instruct individuals or organization members in lobbying techniques.

Company Lawyer - Alternate titles: LAWYER, CORPORATION, business and financial counsel; corporate counsel Advises corporation concerning legal rights, obligations, and privileges: Studies Constitution, statutes, decisions, and ordinances of quasi-judicial bodies. Examines legal data to determine advisability of defending or prosecuting lawsuit. May act as agent of corporation in various transactions.

Vice President Sales & Marketing - MANAGER, SALES. Manages sales activities of establishment: Directs staffing, training, and performance evaluations to develop and control sales program. Coordinates sales distribution by establishing sales territories, quotas, and goals and advises dealers, distributors, and clients concerning sales and advertising techniques. Assigns sales territory to sales personnel. Analyzes sales statistics to formulate policy and to assist dealers in promoting sales. Reviews market analyses to determine customer needs, volume potential, price schedules, and discount rates, and develops sales campaigns to accommodate goals of company. Directs product simplification and standardization to eliminate unprofitable items from sales line. Represents company at trade association meetings to promote product. Coordinates liaison between sales department and other sales-related units. Analyzes and controls expenditures of division to conform to budgetary requirements. Assists other departments within establishment to prepare manuals and technical publications. Prepares periodic sales report showing sales volume and potential sales. May direct sales for manufacturer, retail store, wholesale house, jobber, or other establishment. May direct product research and development. May recommend or approve budget, expenditures, and appropriations for research and development work.

Other duties may include contracting with a: MARKET-RESEARCH ANALYST I Researches market conditions in local, regional, or national area to determine potential sales of product or service: Establishes research methodology and designs format for data gathering, such as surveys, opinion polls, or questionaires. Examines and analyzes statistical data to forecast future marketing trends. Gathers data on competitors and analyzes prices, sales, and methods of marketing and distribution. Collects data on customer preferences and buying habits. Prepares reports and graphic illustrations of findings.

Other duties may include: PUBLIC RELATIONS. Plans and conducts public relations program designed to create and maintain favorable public image for employer or client: Plans and directs development and communication of information designed to keep public informed of employer's programs, accomplishments, or point of view. Arranges for public relations efforts in order to meet needs, objectives, and policies of individual, special interest group, business concern, nonprofit organization, or governmental agency, serving as in-house staff member or as outside consultant. Prepares and distributes fact sheets, news releases, photographs, scripts, motion pictures, or tape recordings to media representatives and other persons who may be interested in learning about or publicizing employer's activities or message. Purchases advertising space and time as required. Arranges for and conducts public-contact programs designed to meet employer's objectives, utilizing knowledge of changing attitudes and opinions of consumers, clients, employees, or other interest groups. Promotes goodwill through such publicity efforts as speeches, exhibits, films, tours, and question/answer sessions. Represents employer during community projects and at public, social, and business gatherings. May research data, create ideas, write copy, lay out artwork, contact media representatives, or represent employer directly before general public. May develop special projects such as campaign fundraisers or public awareness about political issues. May direct activities of subordinates. May confer with production and support personnel to coordinate production of television advertisements and on-air promotions. May prepare press releases and fact sheets, and compose letters, using computer.

Wholesaler Sales - Exports domestic merchandise to foreign merchants and consumers and imports foreign merchandise for sale to domestic merchants or consumers: Arranges for purchase and transportation of imports through company representatives abroad and sells imports to local customers. Sells domestic goods, materials, or products to representatives of foreign companies. May be required to be fluent in language of country in which import or export business is conducted. May specialize in only one phase of foreign trade and be designated Exporter; Importer.

Duties may include: WHOLESALER - Manages establishment engaged in purchasing, wholesaling, and distributing merchandise, such as furniture and home furnishings, construction materials and supplies, metals and minerals, electrical goods, drugs and drug proprietaries, groceries and foodstuffs, and professional equipment and supplies to retailers, industrial and commercial consumers, or professional personnel: Estimates stock requirements based on sales orders, inventory, projected volume of sales, and current condition of economy. Authorizes purchase of merchandise based on estimates. Directs assembly of and storing of merchandise by workers, filling of orders, and distribution to customers according to sales orders. Directs and coordinates activities of workers engaged in wholesaling merchandise and extending credit to purchasers. Advise customers concerning current and future market conditions and availability of merchandise. Workers are classified according to type of merchandise, product, or material wholesaled and distributed.

Product Development - Alternate titles: DIRECTOR, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, manager, product development; manager, research and development; manufacturing engineer, chief. Directs and coordinates research and development activities for organizational products, services, or ideologies: Plans and formulates aspects of research and development proposals, such as objective or purpose of project, applications that can be utilized from findings, costs of project, and equipment and human resource requirements. Reviews and analyzes proposals submitted to determine if benefits derived and possible applications justify expenditures. Approves and submits proposals considered feasible to management for consideration and allocation of funds or allocates funds from department budget. Develops and implements methods and procedures for monitoring projects, such as preparation of records of expenditures and research findings.

Vice President Foreign Operations - Alternate titles: IMPORT-EXPORT AGENT, foreign agent. Coordinates activities of international traffic division of import-export agency and negotiates settlements between foreign and domestic shippers: Plans and directs flow of air and surface traffic moving to overseas destinations. Supervises workers engaged in receiving and shipping freight, documentation, way billing, assessing charges, and collecting fees for shipments. Negotiates with domestic customers, as intermediary for foreign customers, to resolve problems and arrive at mutual agreements. Negotiates with foreign shipping interests to contract for reciprocal freight-handling agreements. May examine invoices and shipping manifests for conformity to tariff and customs regulations. May contact customs officials to affect release of incoming freight and resolve customs delays. May prepare reports of transactions to facilitate billing of shippers and foreign carriers.

Director Quality Assurance - Coordinates activities of workers engaged in testing and evaluating ethical and proprietary pharmaceuticals in order to control quality of manufacture and to ensure compliance with legal standards: Participates with management personnel in establishing procedures for testing drugs and related products, applying knowledge of controlled production, sampling techniques, testing procedures, and statistical analysis. Assigns subordinates to specific testing functions. Reviews laboratory reports of test batches. Recommends full-scale production of batches meeting company or consumer specifications and complying with federal purity standards. Orders destruction of substandard batches, as authorized by supervisor. Directs and coordinates investigation of complaints concerning defective products. Recommends response to complaints, considering test reports, production records, legal standards, and complaint validity. Reviews legislative developments to determine changes in legal requirements and probable effects on company's manufacturing activities. Directs retention of data and preparation of documents for use by self or other company personnel during inquiries concerning suspect products.

Human Resources

Human Resources Manager and Safety Manager

Human Resources Manager - Alternate titles: Personnel Manager. Plans and carries out policies relating to all phases of personnel activity: Recruits, interviews, and selects employees to fill vacant positions. Plans and conducts new employee orientation to foster positive attitude toward company goals. Keeps record of insurance coverage, pension plan, and personnel transactions, such as hires, promotions, transfers, and terminations. Investigates accidents and prepares reports for insurance carrier. Conducts wage survey within labor market to determine competitive wage rate. Prepares budget of personnel operations. Meets with shop stewards and supervisors to resolve grievances. Writes separation notices for employees separating with cause and conducts exit interviews to determine reasons behind separations. Prepares reports and recommends procedures to reduce absenteeism and turnover. Represents company at personnel-related hearings and investigations. Contracts with outside suppliers to provide employee services, such as canteen, transportation, or relocation service. May prepare budget of personnel operations, using computer terminal. May administer manual and dexterity tests to applicants. May supervise clerical workers. May keep records of hired employee characteristics for governmental reporting purposes. May negotiate collective bargaining agreement with BUSINESS REPRESENTATIVE, LABOR UNION.

May also perform duties of Safety Manager or this may be a separate position: Plans, implements, coordinates, and assesses hospital accident, fire prevention, and occupational safety and health programs under general direction of hospital officials, utilizing knowledge of industrial safety-related engineering discipline and operating regulations: Develops and recommends new procedures and approaches to safety and loss prevention based on reports of incidents, accidents, and other data gathered from hospital personnel. Disseminates information to department heads and others regarding toxic substances, hazards, carcinogens, and other safety information. Assists department heads and administrators in enforcing safety regulations and codes. Measures and evaluates effectiveness of safety program, using established goals. Conducts building and grounds surveys on periodic and regular basis to detect code violations, hazards, and incorrect work practices and procedures. Develops and reviews safety training for hospital staff. Maintains administrative control of records related to safety and health programs. Prepares and disseminates memos and reports. Maintains required records. Assists personnel department in administering worker compensation program.

Personnel Recruiter Alaska: Seeks out, interviews, screens, and recruits job applicants to fill existing company job openings: Discusses personnel needs with department supervisors to prepare and implement recruitment program. Contacts colleges, Alaska Job Centers, Job Fairs, to arrange interviews. Provides information on company facilities and job opportunities to potential applicants. Interviews college applicants to obtain work history, education, training, job skills, and salary requirements. Screens and refers qualified applicants to company hiring personnel for follow-up interview. Arranges travel and lodging for selected applicants at company expense. Performs reference and background checks on applicants. Corresponds with job applicants to notify them of employment consideration. Files and maintains employment records for future references. Projects yearly recruitment expenditures for budgetary control.

Personnel Recruiter Outside of Alaska - Seeks out, interviews, screens, and recruits job applicants to fill existing company job openings: Discusses personnel needs with department supervisors to prepare and implement recruitment program. Contacts colleges, State Employment Offices, Job Fairs, recruiting agencies to arrange interviews. Provides information on company facilities and job opportunities to potential applicants. Interviews college applicants to obtain work history, education, training, job skills, and salary requirements. Screens and refers qualified applicants to company hiring personnel for follow-up interview. Arranges travel and lodging for selected applicants at company expense. Performs reference and background checks and if required criminal background checks on applicants for remote locations. Corresponds with job applicants to notify them of employment consideration. Files and maintains employment records for future references. Projects yearly recruitment expenditures for budgetary control.

Administrative Assistant: Alternate titles: reception clerk. Receives callers at establishment, determines nature of business, and directs callers to destination: Obtains caller's name and arranges for appointment with person called upon. Directs caller to destination and records name, time of call, nature of business, and person called upon. May type memos, correspondence, reports, and other documents. May issue visitor's pass when required. May make future appointments and answer. May collect and distribute mail and messages.

Director Safety and Health: SAFETY MANAGER (medical ser.) Plans, implements, coordinates, and assesses hospital accident, fire prevention, and occupational safety and health programs for seafood company processing locations, utilizing knowledge of industrial safety-related engineering discipline and operating regulations: Develops and recommends new procedures and approaches to safety and loss prevention based on reports of incidents, accidents, and other data gathered from worksites. Disseminates information to department heads and others regarding toxic substances, hazards, carcinogens, and other safety information. Assists department heads and administrators in enforcing safety regulations and codes. Measures and evaluates effectiveness of safety program, using established goals. Conducts building and grounds surveys on periodic and regular basis to detect code violations, hazards, and incorrect work practices and procedures. Develops and reviews safety training for hospital staff. Maintains administrative control of records related to safety and health programs. Prepares and disseminates memos and reports. Maintains required records. Assists personnel department in administering worker compensation program.

Marketing and Sales

Vice President Marketing and Sales - Alternate titles: director, sales; manager, business promotion; manager, sales. Plans and administers sales policies and programs to foster and promote sale of seafood product: Consults newspapers, trade journals, and there publications to learn about contemplated conventions and social functions. Directs workers engaged in preparing promotional correspondence with business groups. Confers with department heads to discuss and formulate plans for soliciting business. Contacts executives of organizations to explain services and products offered and to solicit their business. Supervises and trains sales representatives. Plans and prepares advertising and promotional material and arranges for newspaper and other publicity.

MANAGER, SALES Manages sales activities of establishment: Directs staffing, training, and performance evaluations to develop and control sales program. Coordinates sales distribution by establishing sales markets domestic and foreign, quotas, and goals and advises dealers, distributors, and clients concerning sales and advertising techniques. Assigns sales territory to sales personnel. Analyzes sales statistics to formulate policy and to assist dealers in promoting sales. Reviews market analyses to determine customer needs, volume potential, price schedules, and discount rates, and develops sales campaigns to accommodate goals of company. Directs product marketing. Represents company at trade association meetings to promote product. Coordinates liaison between sales department and other sales-related units. Analyzes and controls expenditures of division to conform to budgetary requirements. Assists other departments within establishment to prepare manuals and technical publications. Prepares periodic sales report showing sales volume and potential sales. May direct sales for manufacturer, retail store, wholesale house, jobber, or other establishment. May direct product research and development. May recommend or approve budget, expenditures, and appropriations for research and development work.

MARKET-RESEARCH ANALYST: Researches market conditions in local, regional, national or international areas to determine potential sales of product: Establishes research methodology and designs format for data gathering, such as surveys, opinion polls, or questionnaires. Examines and analyzes statistical data to forecast future marketing trends. Gathers data on competitors and analyzes prices, sales, and methods of marketing and distribution. Collects data on customer preferences and buying habits. Prepares reports and graphic illustrations of findings.

Wholesale Sales Staff Foreign & Domestic - Exports domestic seafood product to foreign markets and consumers and also market to domestic merchants or consumers. Arranges for sale and transportation of seafood through company representatives abroad. Sells domestic goods, materials, or products to representatives of foreign companies. May be required to be fluent in language of country in which export business is conducted such as Japanese. May specialize in only one phase of foreign trade and be designated Exporter.

WHOLESALER: Manages establishment engaged in purchasing, wholesaling, and distributing seafood products of the company. to retailers, commercial consumers: Estimates stock requirements based on sales orders, inventory, projected volume of sales, and current condition of economy. Directs assembly of and storing of seafood product by workers, filling of orders, and distribution to customers according to sales orders. Directs and coordinates activities of workers engaged in wholesaling merchandise and extending credit to purchasers. Advise customers concerning current and future market conditions and availability of product. Workers are classified according to type of merchandise, product, or material wholesaled and distributed.

Retail Sales Staff - Direct and coordinate activities of subordinate managerial personnel involved in operating retail stores and mail order business within a seafood company. Interviews and selects individuals to fill managerial vacancies. Maintains employment records for each manager. Terminates employment of store managers whose performance does not meet company standards. Directs, through subordinate managerial personnel, compliance of workers with established company policies, procedures, and standards, such as safekeeping of company funds and property, personnel and grievance practices, and adherence to policies governing acceptance and processing of customer credit card charges. Inspects premises of assigned area stores to ensure that adequate security exists and that physical facilities comply with safety and environmental codes and ordinances. Reviews operational records and reports of store managers to project sales and to determine store profitability. Coordinates sales and promotional activities of store managers. Analyzes marketing potential of new and existing store locations and recommends additional sites or deletion of existing area stores.

Advertising Public Relations - Alternate titles: public-relations practitioner. Plans and conducts public relations program designed to create and maintain favorable public image for employer or client: Plans and directs development and communication of information designed to keep public informed of employer's programs, accomplishments, or point of view. Arranges for public relations efforts in order to meet needs, objectives, and policies of individual, special interest group, business concern, nonprofit organization, or governmental agency, serving as in-house staff member or as outside consultant. Prepares and distributes fact sheets, news releases, photographs, scripts, motion pictures, or tape recordings to media representatives and other persons who may be interested in learning about or publicizing employer's activities or message. Purchases advertising space and time as required. Arranges for and conducts public-contact programs designed meet employer's objectives, utilizing knowledge of changing attitudes and opinions of consumers, clients, employees, or other interest groups. Promotes goodwill through such publicity efforts as speeches, exhibits, films, tours, and question/answer sessions. Represents employer during community projects and at public, social, and business gatherings. May research data, create ideas, write copy, lay out artwork, contact media representatives, or represent employer directly before general public. May develop special projects such as campaign fund raisers or public awareness about political issues. May direct activities of subordinates. May confer with production and support personnel to coordinate production of television advertisements and on-air promotions. May prepare press releases and fact sheets, and compose letters, using computer. May disseminate facts and information about organization's activities or governmental agency's programs to general public and be known as Public Information Officer.

Research Product Development - Alternate titles: manager, product development; manager, research and development; manufacturing engineer, chief Directs and coordinates research and development activities for organizational products, services, or ideologies: Plans and formulates aspects of research and development proposals, such as objective or purpose of project, applications that can be utilized from findings, costs of project, and equipment and human resource requirements. Reviews and analyzes proposals submitted to determine if benefits derived and possible applications justify expenditures. Approves and submits proposals considered feasible to management for consideration and allocation of funds or allocates funds from department budget. Develops and implements methods and procedures for monitoring projects, such as preparation of records of expenditures and research findings, progress reports, and staff conferences, in order to inform management of current status of each project. May recruit, hire, and train department staff, evaluate staff performance, and develop goals and objectives for staff. May negotiate contracts with consulting firms to perform research studies.

Production Operations

Sr. Vice President Production Operation - Alternate titles: production controller; production expediter; production scheduler; progress clerk; schedule clerk; scheduler Schedules and coordinates flow of work within or between departments of manufacturing plant to expedite production: Reviews master production schedule and work orders, establishes priorities for specific customer orders, and revises schedule according to work order specifications, established priorities, and availability or capability of workers, parts, material, machines, and equipment. Reschedules identical processes to eliminate duplicate machine setups. Distributes work orders to departments, denoting number, type, and proposed completion date of units to be produced. Confers with department supervisors to determine progress of work and to provide information on changes in processing methods received from methods or engineering departments. Compiles reports concerning progress of work and downtime due to failures of machines and equipment to apprise production planning personnel of production delays. Maintains inventory of materials and parts needed to complete production. May expedite material. May expedite production of spare parts and establish delivery dates for spare parts orders and be designated Spares Scheduler (clerical). May coordinate and expedite work in automobile repair and service establishment from control tower, using public address system, and be designated Work Coordinator, Tower Control (automotive ser.). May use computer system to track and locate production units.

Vice President Production Operation Handling Transportation Service Providers - Alternate titles: director, procurement services; manager, material control. Directs and coordinates activities of personnel engaged in purchasing and distributing raw seafood product, equipment, machinery, and supplies in industrial plant, public utility, or other organization: Prepares instructions regarding purchasing systems and procedures. Prepares and issues purchase orders and change notices to PURCHASING AGENTS. Analyzes market and delivery conditions to determine present and future material availability and prepares market analysis reports. Reviews purchase order claims and contracts for conformance to company policy. Develops and installs clerical and office procedures and practices, and studies work flow, sequence of operations, and office arrangement to determine expediency of installing new or improved office machines. Arranges for disposal of surplus materials.

At-Sea Production Operations

Land-Based Production Manager: MANAGER, SEAFOOD PROCESSING PLANT Directs and coordinates activities of seafood processing plant: Contacts buyers to arrange for purchasing or harvesting and delivery of seafoods or other raw materials to plant for processing. Directs, through subordinate supervisory personnel, workers engaged in processing, canning, freezing, storing, and shipping seafood products. Directs and coordinates activities concerned with dismantling, moving, installing, or repairing of machines and equipment. Approves plant payroll and payments for purchased materials or products. Estimates quantities of seafoods for processing required and orders foods, materials, supplies, and equipment needed. Hires, transfers, and discharges employees. May provide suppliers with transportation to expedite delivery of purchased products or supplies to plant. May arrange for freezing of packaged products by other food processing plants. May negotiate with suppliers prices to be paid for purchases.

Quality Assurance

Director Quality Assurance - Plans, establishes, coordinates, and directs quality control program for entire company's seafood production sites, designed to ensure continuous production of products consistent with established standards: Develops and analyzes statistical data and product specifications to determine present standards and establish proposed quality and reliability expectancy of finished product. Formulates and maintains quality control objectives and coordinates objectives with production procedures in cooperation with other plant managers to maximize product reliability and minimize costs. Directs, through intermediate personnel, workers engaged in inspection and testing activities to ensure continuous control over materials, facilities, and products. Plans, promotes, and organizes training activities related to product quality and reliability. May investigate and adjust customer complaints regarding quality.

Quality Control Technicians: Tests and inspects products (such as seafood products) at various stages of production process and compiles and evaluates statistical data to determine and maintain quality and reliability of products: Confers with management or engineering staff to determine quality and reliability standards. Selects products for tests at specified stages in production process, and tests products for variety of qualities, such as dimensions, performance, and mechanical, electrical, or chemical characteristics. Records test data, applying statistical quality control procedures. Evaluates data and writes reports to validate or indicate deviations from existing standards. Recommends modifications of existing quality or production standards to achieve optimum quality within limits of equipment capability. May set up and perform destructive and nondestructive tests on materials, parts, or products to measure performance, life, or material characteristics. May prepare graphs or charts of data or enter data into computer for analysis. May specialize in particular area of quality control engineering, such as design, incoming material, process control, product evaluation, inventory control, product reliability, research and development, and administrative application.

Accounting

Vice President of Accounting - Applies principles of accounting to analyze financial information and prepare financial reports: Compiles and analyzes financial information to prepare entries to accounts, such as general ledger accounts, documenting business transactions. Analyzes financial information detailing assets, liabilities, and capital, and prepares balance sheet, profit and loss statement, and other reports to summarize current and projected company financial position, using calculator or computer. Audits contracts, orders, and vouchers, and prepares reports to substantiate individual transactions prior to settlement. May establish, modify, document, and coordinate implementation of accounting and accounting control procedures. May devise and implement manual or computer-based system for general accounting. May direct and coordinate activities of other accountants and clerical workers performing accounting and bookkeeping tasks.

Payroll Accountant - Alternate title: Payroll Clerk. Compiles payroll data, and enters data or computes and posts wages, and reconciles errors, to maintain payroll records, using computer or calculator: Compiles payroll data, such as hours worked, sales or piecework, taxes, insurance, and union dues to be withheld, and employee identification number, from time sheets and other records. Prepares computer input forms, enters data into computer files, or computes wages and deductions, using calculator, and posts to payroll records. Reviews wages computed and corrects errors to ensure accuracy of payroll. Records changes affecting net wages, such as exemptions, insurance coverage, and loan payments for each employee to update master payroll records. Records data concerning transfer of employees between departments. Prorate expenses to be debited or credited to each department for cost accounting records. May prepare periodic reports of earnings, taxes, and deductions. Keep records of leave pay and nontaxable wages. Prepare and issue paychecks.

Office Manager - Alternate titles: chief clerk; manager, administrative services Coordinates activities of clerical personnel in establishment or organization: Analyses and organizes office operations and procedures, such as typing, bookkeeping, preparation of payrolls, flow of correspondence, filing, requisition of supplies, and other clerical services. Evaluates office production, revises procedures, or devises new forms to improve efficiency of workflow. Establishes uniform correspondence procedures and style practices. Formulates procedures for systematic retention, protection, retrieval, transfer, and disposal of records. Plans office layouts and initiates cost reduction programs. Reviews clerical and personnel records to ensure completeness, accuracy, and timeliness. Prepares activities reports for guidance of management, using computer. Prepares employee ratings and conducts employee benefit and insurance programs, using computer. Coordinates activities of various clerical departments or workers within department. May prepare organizational budget and monthly financial reports. May hire, train, and supervise clerical staff. May compile, store, and retrieve managerial data, using computer.

Accounts Payable/Recievable: Applies principles of accounting to analyze financial information and prepare financial reports: Compiles and analyzes financial information to prepare entries to accounts, such as general ledger accounts, documenting business transactions. Analyzes financial information detailing assets, liabilities, and capital, and prepares balance sheet, profit and loss statement, and other reports to summarize current and projected company financial position, using calculator or computer. Audits, contracts, orders, and vouchers, and prepares reports to substantiate individual transactions prior to settlement. May establish, modify, document, and coordinate implementation of accounting and accounting control procedures. May devise and implement manual or computer-based system for general accounting. May supervise clerical workers performing accounting and bookkeeping tasks.

Research Operations

Value Added - Alternate title Manager Research and Development: manager, product development; manager, research and development; manufacturing engineer, chief Directs and coordinates research and development activities for organizational products, services, or ideologies: Plans and formulates aspects of research and development proposals, such as objective or purpose of project, applications that can be utilized from findings, costs of project, and equipment and human resource requirements. Reviews and analyzes proposals submitted to determine if benefits derived and possible applications justify expenditures. Approves and submits proposals considered feasible to management for consideration and allocation of funds or allocates funds from department budget. Develops and implements methods and procedures for monitoring projects, such as preparation of records of expenditures and research findings, progress reports, and staff conferences, in order to inform management of current status of each project. May recruit, hire, and train department staff, evaluate staff performance, and develop goals and objectives for staff. May negotiate contracts with consulting firms to perform research studies. May specialize in one type of research and be designated Director, Marketing Research and Analysis (profess. & kin); Director, Product Research and Development (profess. & kin.).

Alternate title and description: Food Technician - FOOD TECHNOLOGIST; food scientist. Applies scientific and engineering principles in research, development, production technology, quality control, packaging, processing, and utilization of foods: Conducts basic research, and new product research and development of foods. Develops new and improved methods and systems for food processing, production, quality control, packaging, and distribution. Studies methods to improve quality of foods, such as flavor, color, texture, nutritional value, convenience, or physical, chemical, and microbiological composition of foods. Develops food standards, safety and sanitary regulations, and waste management and water supply specifications. Tests new products in test kitchen and develops specific processing methods in laboratory pilot plant, and confers with process engineers, flavor experts, and packaging and marketing specialists to resolve problems. May specialize in one phase of food technology, such as product development, quality control, or production inspection, technical writing, teaching, or consulting. May specialize in particular branch of food technology, such as cereal grains, meat and poultry, fats and oils, seafood, animal foods, beverages, dairy products, flavors, sugars and starches, stabilizers, preservatives, colors, and nutritional additives, and be identified according to branch of food technology.

Biology and Chemistry Skills - BIOLOGIST: Studies basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions: May collect and analyze biological data to determine environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water areas, record data, and inform public, state, and federal representatives regarding test results. May prepare environmental impact reports. May specialize in research centering around particular plant, animal, or aspect of biology. May teach. May specialize in wildlife research and management and be designated Wildlife Biologist.

CHEMIST, FOOD: Conducts research and analysis concerning chemistry of foods to develop and improve foods and beverages: Experiments with natural and synthetic materials or byproducts to develop new foods, additives, preservatives, anti-adulteration agents, and related products. Studies effects of various methods of processing, preservation, and packaging on composition and properties of foods, such as color, texture, aroma, taste, shelf life, and nutritive content. Tests food and beverage samples, such as starch, sugar, cereals, beer, canned and dehydrated food products, meats, vegetables, dairy foods, and other products to ensure compliance with food laws, and standards of quality and purity. May perform, or supervise workers performing, quality control tests in food processing, canning, freezing, brewing or distilling. May specialize in particular food or process.

Government and Private Fisheries-Related Jobs
Alaska Department of Fish and Game

Fish and Wildlife Technician I, II, III - Under the direct supervision of a biologist, subsistence research specialist or higher-level fish and game technician, performs routine semi-skilled work in various phases of fisheries, wildlife, and habitat or subsistence research or management programs. Distinguishing Characteristics: Fish and Wildlife Technician II is the developmental level in the Fish and Wildlife Technician series. Incumbents perform biological field sampling and research functions requiring a fundamental knowledge of research procedures in the areas of fisheries, aquaculture or wildlife and their habitat. Incumbents may work at field sites, in office settings, on vessels or in laboratories. Work may involve: simple computer preparation or formatting of data for analysis at a higher level, assisting with field camp operations or following simple laboratory procedures. Incumbents often work as crew members and, in small crews of two or three members, may monitor work flow and scheduling, following written manuals or operation plans. Difficult questions concerning technical/biological matters are referred to a supervisor, who may be located either on site or at a field office. A Fish and Wildlife Technician II is distinguished from the III level in that incumbents have a fundamental knowledge of fish and wildlife but rely on a supervisor for written or verbal instructions on all issues requiring discretionary judgment. It is distinguished from the I level in that some knowledge of the resources and research procedures is required, and incumbents may direct the work flow and scheduling of others following specific oral or written instructions. Examples of Duties: Directs work flow or scheduling of other crew members in a two- or three-member team. Performs creel census, port sampling, river sonar surveys of adult salmon, etc. Under close supervision, applies drugs and chemicals to control diseases of eggs, fry and fingerlings at hatcheries. Adjusts and maintains automatic feeders. Removes and reads fish tags. Use computers and computer software to conduct routine data entry or output. Collects range condition data and monitors escapement of brood stocks; seals furs and bear hides. Collects biological samples for purpose of gathering data on species, size, age and sex composition; performs fish tagging, test fishing, scale mounting, stream gravel sampling, etc. Identifies species; collects scales, otoliths, ovaries or biological samples. Operates skiffs and small boats, livetraps, nets, firearms, dart guns, snow machines, chain saws, and other equipment, etc. Mends nets; makes boat repairs; sets up and/or repairs fish counting weirs and towers; constructs holding pens, transfer crates, livetraps, etc. Performs related duties as assigned. Knowledge, Skills and Abilities: Some knowledge of fishery and wildlife resources. Some knowledge of basic laboratory procedures and equipment. Some knowledge of firearms and firearm safety, of first aid and precautionary health and safety skills. Ability to coordinate efforts and work cooperatively in a group. Ability to transmit data in appropriate formats, observe and collect accurate data, and keep accurate counts and records. Ability to solicit information from the public and conduct oral surveys. Ability to perform simple arithmetic computations and routine data entry. Ability to work carefully and safely with large and small game animals and with drugs and chemicals; to safely operate small boats, snowmobiles, power tools and other field and research equipment. Ability to perform physically demanding work and to withstand inclement weather and other environmental conditions. Minimum Qualifications: High school graduation. OR Three months as an entry level fish and wildlife technician or aide. This experience is equivalent to Fish and Wildlife Technician I with the State of Alaska. OR Six months of work experience involving fish or wildlife, or outdoor manual labor or in a laboratory. Special Requirements: Exposure to animals, insects and inclement weather, low level flying, travel by boat or skiff, or contact with drugs and chemicals may occur. Housing may consist of bunkhouses, vessels or wall tents. Some duties may be restricted for employees under the age of 18 in accordance with State and federal child labor laws. Positions are seasonal or temporary.

Fisheries Biologist - Under supervision, conducts or assists with fishery management or research projects in the field or laboratory requiring the examination, research, hypothesis, test design and evaluation of findings and preparation of a paper or report. Leads technical level support staff and functions as a crew leader during the field season. Distinguishing Characteristics: As the first level of a professional series, the work involves assignments in which the scope, objective, priorities and time-lines, methods and techniques are well defined and established by the supervisor, apply to most situations encountered, and do not require significant deviation from the project plan. Incumbents are responsible for the more routine projects specific to one fishery for a defined geographical area which generally requires basic project design, data collection and compilation, analysis, and preparation of summaries, reports and recommendations; or for assisting a higher level professional in completing a part or portion of a project of broader geographic scope and complexity. Procedures for doing the work have been established and a number of specific guidelines are available; however, incumbents are expected to interpret and adapt agency policies, statutes and regulations, precedents and work directions for application to short-term problems of limited consequence to the resource or industry. The Fishery Biologist series is distinguished from the Fish and Wildlife Technician series in that biologists are assigned a basic problem, area of inquiry or phenomenon to be explained and understood. The work requires the application of theory, related research and scientific method to the planning, execution and documentation of the basic assignment. Conversely, technicians' primary goal is data gathering in support of management or research projects rather than biological investigation and study. The tasks, procedures and techniques are delineated in written guidelines, procedure manuals or operational plans. Technicians obtain skill and practical knowledge by experience and on-the-job training while professionals are recognized by their facility with the principle of "the scientific method" and theoretical knowledge acquired through professional training. Examples of Duties: Leads the work of technicians in the collection of management or research data such as species and age-weight-length and sex compositions of harvests and escapements, migration characteristics, mortalities, fecundity samples, commercial and sport fish catch estimates and scale samples for stock composition scale pattern analysis. Assists with planning and coordination with logistical support to field crews; ensures the crew's safety in the field; evaluates employee performance. Performs in-season analysis of status of a fishery through data analysis, direct observation and analysis of fish behavior, analysis of interviews with commercial and sport fishers, etc. and recommends or makes minor adjustments to project goals and operational plans accordingly. Analyzes, evaluates and summarizes collected data; draws conclusions and drafts reports such as preliminary reports, project summaries, post season and annual management reports, and briefs. Makes recommendations for action. May author routine, non-controversial project reports. Meets with local advisory committee, industry groups and the general public to explain regulations and programs and coordinate activities. Determines population compositions or test fishery harvest efforts, identifying areas of controversy in the project fishery and participating in problem-solving activities. Drafts operational plans, experimental designs and sampling methods and develops sampling plans, procedures and forms for conducting studies. Ensures compliance with operational plans and objectives and quality control of data. Reviews current literature pertinent to the assignment. Uses standard computer software and specialized computer programs to enter and analyze collected data. Participates in the collection and analysis of biological, physical, and chemical samples and aquatic plants; makes preliminary investigations of habitat, land use and pollution affecting fish habitat. Operates skiffs or small vessels up to 40 feet in length, fishing or field equipment and use scuba gear or firearms adjunct to primary tasks. Trains others in use and care of equipment. May contribute to recommendations for openings and closures of the fishery. May assist with preparation, monitoring, and auditing of project budgets. May assist with presentations to the Board of Fisheries as well as at industry or special interest group meetings. May prepare and issue routine news releases. Performs other related duties as assigned. Knowledge, Skills and Abilities: Working knowledge of basic scientific methods and techniques for biological research. Working knowledge of fish species and characteristics. Some knowledge of fishery management strategies; issues, problems and research objectives; and policies/procedures, statutes and regulations affecting the conservation, preservation, propagation and utilization of the fishery resource and its habitat. Some knowledge of statistical approaches and data analysis and evaluation, basic field and laboratory procedures, hypothesis testing, experimental design and scientific documentation. Ability to adjust priorities in order to meet project goals and objectives. Ability to lead others in the work and participate as a member of the work team. Ability to work at remote field sites, to travel in small aircraft, and to operate skiffs and small vessels. Ability to use field and laboratory equipment safely and properly. Ability to communicate effectively with biological and biometric staff and the public. Ability to organize, analyze and evaluate data using computer software/databases, spreadsheets or tables as analytical tools. Ability to organize and prepare written reports on technical studies. Minimum Qualifications: Bachelors degree from an accredited college with a major in the sciences of biology, any branch of biology or limnology. Substitution: Bachelors degree from an accredited college (any major), which included 24 semester or 36 quarter hours including 16 upper division semester or 24 upper division quarter hours (junior/senior level, frequently with 300/400 course numbers) in the majors listed above. Transcripts MUST be submitted with the application for the substitution to be considered.

Fish Culturist - Under supervision, performs fish culturist work in fish hatchery facilities and in fish habitat locations as required. Distinguishing Characteristics: This class is the first working level of the fish culturist series. Incumbents perform a variety of complex fish culturist tasks. Independent judgment and performance is exercised in initiating and/or implementing hatchery projects, processes and schedules. Incumbents may supervise technical personnel. Examples of Duties: Prepares feeding and rearing schedules based on calculated growth rates; prepares feed; supervises and/or performs necessary feeding activities. Establishes fish loading densities, oxygen delivery levels, and water temperature control measures for the transport of fish by truck and specialized air shipping containers to various points throughout the state. Supervises and participates in egg-taking and fin marking operations that meet prescribed performance standards. Maintains and adjusts calculated quantities, temperatures, and dissolved gas levels of water supplies to provide desired quality, quantity, and temperatures to incubation and rearing units. Takes water samples. Cleans water and bacterial filters, ponds, troughs, tanks, incubators, screens, and work areas. Analyzes data, facts, and information, and draws logical conclusions. Performs data entry or analysis using computers and software. Performs gross examination of fish for diseases or nutritional disorders and report results. Operates and adjusts hatchery apparatus such as pressurized water filters, automatic fish feeders, electronic egg and fish counters, electronic measuring devices, and ultraviolet and ozone water depuration equipment. Assists higher level culturists or biologists in conducting various biological studies such as rearing and migration studies, lake surveys, and marked fish recovery. Performs related work as assigned. Knowledge, Skills and Abilities: Knowledge of fish hatchery operations and procedures; principles and practices of aquaculture, collection and care of aquatic biological specimens; fish life in Alaska, including the kinds, distribution and importance of various species, their habitats and requirements; methods of preparing fisheries development and improvement projects; data processing equipment; and the principles of planning, organizing and/or conducting research. Ability to perform physically demanding work; do routine maintenance and care of tools and equipment and make minor repairs; analyze biological data, facts or information and draw logical conclusions; conduct studies by analyzing and evaluating results and preparing reports; understand and carry out detailed technical instructions; understand and follow written and oral instructions, operate laboratory equipment, perform routine laboratory tests and maintain records; train and lead lower level technicians; and meet and assist the public courteously. Minimum Qualifications: A Baccalaureate degree in fisheries science or a closely related field. Substitution: Combinations of training and experience will be evaluated on an individual basis for comparability. Special requirement: Some positions may require possession of a current Commercial Driver's License with appropriate endorsements.

Fish Pathologist - Under direction of the Fish Pathologist II, diagnoses and prescribes treatment for diseases of fish reared in supplemental production systems and participates in fish pathology studies. Distinguishing Characteristics: This is the journey professional Fish Pathologist class. Fish Pathologists are distinguished from the related class series of Fishery Biologists in their specialization in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases in fish. Fish Pathologist I is distinguished from Fish Pathologist II in that the higher level class acts as the program chief and exercises final technical authority for all fish disease control and prevention in the division. Examples of Duties: investigates reported fish disease outbreaks in state-operated supplemental production systems; identifies parasites and diagnoses diseases, prescribes or administers medication. Initiates and conducts standard bacteriological and microbiological studies of water, sediment and diseased fish to segregate, identify and measure the etiologic agents causing the disorder; prescribes standard medication and treatment as a direct result of such examinations. Advises personnel on application of diseases preventative or curative techniques. Assists in long range pathology studies for identifying, treating and preventing fish diseases, parasites and toxins; segregates known or possible etiologic agents such as bacteria, fungi, viruses and rickettsiae; selects media for their culture and identification; conducts experiments with various materials and agents to develop means of therapy and control; compiles and analyzes data; evaluates data for technical accuracy and formulates conclusions for review by higher technical personnel. Drafts research reports and operational summaries; participates in training of subordinate personnel; makes public appearances to discuss or explain departmental programs; participates in interagency committees. Performs other related duties as required. Knowledge, Skills and Abilities: Knowledge of symptomology and standard diagnostic procedures for fish diseases common to the region; treatment procedures, medicines and critical variables commonly associated with fish diseases in hatcheries of this region; standard laboratory and microbiological techniques for tissue preparation, culture growth, pathogen identification, cell counts and statistical analysis. Ability to diagnose and prescribe treatment for common hatchery-fish diseases; conduct standard laboratory tests and procedures for pathogen identification; write clear and concise reports and maintain accurate laboratory records. Minimum Qualifications: A Bachelor's degree involving major study in microbiology, bacteriology, zoology, fisheries biology, or a closely allied field. AND Two years of professional experience in fish pathology. Substitution: Graduate study with major emphasis in microbiology, parasitology, bacteriology, pathology, or a closely related field may be substituted, year for year, for a maximum of one year of the required experience.

Fish Geneticist - Under direction, Fisheries Geneticists design, plan and conduct genetic research, analysis and problem solving for fish and shellfish research and management programs. Distinguishing Characteristics: Fisheries Geneticist I is the journey professional geneticist where duties are directed toward the development and application of genetic research methodology to fish and shellfish research and management operations. Incumbents in this class work under moderate supervision and are responsible for a single genetics research project of moderate complexity or a group of genetics research projects of limited scope, which are incorporated into effective fish and shellfish research and management programs. Examples of Duties: Designs sampling plans and oversees the field collection of genetic tissues and maintenance of frozen or alcohol-preserved tissue collections. May participate in field projects. Analyzes and interprets research findings and prepares special reports, recommendations and operation summaries. May present technical reports at scientific meetings. May oversee the work of biologists and technicians assigned to genetics research projects. Directs protein starch gel electrophoresis of fish and shellfish species for genetic stock identification. Isolates, amplifies and performs restriction, fragment or sequence analysis of DNA for population level characteristics. Operates flow cytometers. Contributes to and participates in the maintenance of genetic computer database. Participates as a member of project teams, and cooperates with biologists and other professional staff to design and execute genetic research projects. Knowledge, Skills and Abilities: Considerable knowledge of the principles of population and molecular genetics and the principles and techniques of biological research. Considerable knowledge of standard laboratory procedures of electrophoresis and DNA isolation and analysis techniques. Considerable knowledge of the statistical principles and techniques of population genetic analysis. Ability to apply principles and techniques of statistics and population genetic analysis to fish and shellfish research and management problems. Ability to utilize computer programs in the analysis of new programs and development of situations and for the statistical analysis of genetic data. Ability to present genetic data clearly and in an understandable manner to both lay persons and technically-oriented staff. Ability to communicate verbally and in writing. Minimum Qualifications: Possession of a Master's degree from an accredited college in biology with an emphasis in genetics, which includes at least 8 semester or 12 quarter hours of graduate level genetics or molecular biology. OR Possession of a Master's degree from an accredited college with any major, which includes at least 24 graduate semester or 36 graduate quarter credits of course work bearing course number of 400 or higher excluding thesis credit in biology which includes at least 8 semester or 12 quarter hours of graduate level genetics or molecular biology course work.

Fisheries Scientist - A fisheries scientist normally has a doctorate degree and specializes in any number of different fisheries related specialties where research is conducted on special projects. For example one could specialize in shellfish, and study a specific type of shellfish to determine any number of answers to questions about the species, its habitat, its survival, its life cycle, its harvestability, etc.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Aide - Under supervision of a State Trooper performs routine field, maintenance and patrol duties to assist in the prevention of violations and the enforcement of laws and regulations concerning fish and wildlife protection. Distinguishing Characteristics: This class is distinguished from State Trooper in that it is a noncommissioned assistant, working under specific constraints regarding the conservation and protection of fish and wildlife. Duties, policies and procedures are learned on the job and do not require application of prior police training. Examples of Duties: Performs patrol duties via foot, water or air; reports findings and provides documentation. Maintains surveillance in assigned areas to detect and record violations; participates in stakeouts alone or as a team member. Assists in gathering and preserving evidence; may appear in court to testify and present evidence. Maintains radio communication to transmit information and receive instruction. Dispenses general hunting and fishing information to the public; explains regulations, answers questions; performs general clerical duties as required. Prepares equipment and supplies; establishes camps at remote sites; maintains camp and equipment in order to perform assigned duties. Maintains log of daily activities, weather, tides and presence of resource users and movements in area. Prepares and submits reports. Operates and maintains equipment such as cameras, radios, outboard motors, boats 25 feet in length or less, automobiles, power generators and gasoline stoves. May participate in aircraft patrols and serve as crewmember on fishery patrol vessels. Performs other related work as assigned. Knowledge, Skills and Abilities: Skill in the operation of motor vehicles. Skill in performing general maintenance on a variety of gas powered equipment. Skill in the use of basic hand tools. Ability to learn and apply basic departmental enforcement policies and procedures. Ability to survive in a remote camp under arduous or inclement conditions. Ability to lift up to 100 pounds. Ability to deal effectively with the public. Ability to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing. Ability to observe and record actions accurately. Minimum Qualifications: Eighteen years of age, high school graduation or GED and possession of a current, valid Alaska driver's license at the time of employment. Must have the physical ability to perform the work.

FISH AND GAME WARDEN (government ser.) Alternate titles: conservation officer; game and fish protector; game warden; guard, range. Patrols assigned area to prevent game law violations, investigate reports of damage to crops and property by wildlife, and compile biological data: Travels through area by car, boat, airplane, horse, and on foot to observe persons engaged in taking fish and game, to ensure method and equipment used are lawful, and to apprehend violators. Investigates reports of fish and game law violations and issues warnings or citations. Serves warrants, makes arrests, and prepares and presents evidence in court actions. Seizes equipment used in fish and game law violations and arranges for disposition of fish and game illegally taken or possessed. Collects and reports information on condition of fish and wildlife in their habitat, availability of game food and cover, and suspected pollution of waterways. Investigates hunting accidents and files reports of findings. Addresses schools and civic groups to disseminate information and promote public relations. May enlist aid of sporting groups in such programs as lake and stream rehabilitation, and game habitat improvement. May assist in promoting hunter safety training by arranging for materials and instructors. May be designated according to specialty as Fish Protector (government ser.); Game Protector (government ser.); or according to assigned patrol as Fish-And-Game Warden, Marine Patrol (government ser.).

Fish Hatcheries (Public and Private)
Fish Hatchery Technician - Same as Fish and Wildlife Technician ADF&G

Private Fishing Charter Boats - GUIDE, FISHING. Plans, organizes and conducts fishing trips for individuals and groups: Plans itinerary for fishing trips applying knowledge of countryside to determine best route and sites. Arranges for transporting sportsman, equipment and supplies to fishing area using horses, land vehicles, motorboat, or airplane. Explains fishing laws to ensure compliance. Instructs members of party in use of fishing gear. Prepares meals for members of party. Administers first aid to injured sportsmen. May care for animals. May sell or rent equipment, clothing and supplies. May pilot airplane or drive land and water vehicles.

Deckhand Charter Boat - Assists sport fishing customers on board sport fish charter boat to bait hooks, prepare fishing poles and to fish in spots for fish such as salmon, halibut, and other fish. At the service of the captain of the charter vessel. May help to prepare meals, scrub deck, maintain boat.

Fisheries Observer - Marine Fisheries Observer: Alternate Title: Observer/Fish Gathers data from catch aboard a fishing vessel. Records data to compute statistics for dissemination to regulatory agencies. Records discrepencies between species caught for processing, and those allowed by commercial fishing regulations. May measure and record data from species caught. May operate marine radio to transmit data to regulatory agency in a timely manner. Will be required to posess or obtain a 3rd class FCC operator's license. May be required to operate skiff to transfer from one vessel to another. May have to pass written test to be certified, or pass prescribed training course. May work aboard foreign vessel. May be required to speak a foreign language. May be required to use vernier calipers. Fisheries observers are biologists collecting information for federal and state agencies that manage the fisheries off Alaska. The data collected are critical in conserving Alaska's vast marine resources. Each year, hundreds of men and women from across the country spend months at a time aboard commercial fishing vessels as observers. The job they do is strenuous and sea conditions can be extreme, but the work is adventurous and friendships made along the way are rewarding. Working independently alongside fishermen and women, observers collect data on species and quantities of fish caught, fish lengths, weights, sex, and sightings of marine mammals and sea birds. With over 60 species of fish and shellfish in the Gulf of Alaska and the Bering Sea, fisheries observers must be skilled in fish identification. Observers use their training to apply a sampling regime that best fits their individual vessels. How do you become an observer? A bachelor's degree in biology, natural science, or environmental science is required to become a fisheries observer (groundfish observers must also have completed three college credit hours in statistics). Observers are hired by one of five private contractors. Once accepted by a contractor, a potential observer must successfully complete a two to three week training course. Training covers sampling responsibilities, fish identification, and safety at sea. Observer's salary, transportation, and insurance are paid by the contractor. Wages range between $120 and $170 a day depending on experience. Observers qualify for three 400-level credits from the University of Alaska's School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences. For more information contact the North Pacific Fisheries Observer Training Center at: http://www.uaf.edu/otc/ There are links to observer contracting companies on the web site as well and photos of the job.

Other Job Titles

Fisheries Economist (State of Alaska Dept. of Fish and Game) - This position analyzes and interprets the economic and social forces relating to sustainable salmon and salmon industry in Southeast Alaska and ensures that projects funded with Southeast Sustainable Salmon Funds (SSSF) are implemented in a timely fashion and manages the projects to achieve the goals and objectives of the plans. This position manages millions of dollars in projects and contracts involving primarily economics, marketing, and education; defines economic issues in the Southeast Alaska salmon fishing industry to be investigated; and performs economic and other research, including overseeing comprehensive economic studies for the southeast salmon fishing industry and examining alternative economic scenarios. Oversees contractors, ensures public participation and input where appropriate, incorporates the results of contract projects into the planning and project recommendations for the following year; measures success of project in achieving goals and objectives; reviews benchmarks, timelines, and deliverables for projects. Directs and provides cost/benefit analyses and studies for projects under consideration. Tracks identified projects' progress through life of projects, including bringing them on line, securing necessary approval, reviewing Statements of Work and budgets, reviewing interim reports, required plans and progress reports, closes out projects when completed, identifies problems and concern, develops and reviews assessments/measurements of project success; revises contracts, as necessary. Drafts Requests for Proposals, project description packets, notices of funding availability, RSAs, contracts to implement projects identified for increasing economic opportunities. This position actively participates in review and revisions of economic and marketing projects and is the project manager for non-ADF&G projects. Assists with other projects and work for the program as needed, including science-based projects and those projects designated by Congress to receive funding. Assists with Panel and working group meetings for the Increasing Economic Opportunity for SE Salmon Fishermen portion of the program. Organizes Panel and working group meetings for infrastructure, marketing, education and science, provides for facilitators, develops agenda, develops a record of the meeting and transmits recommendations and follows through on outcomes of meetings. Coordinates with the stakeholders on issues of concern. Identifies, recommends, implements, and updates a computer program to track all SSSF projects from "cradle to grave." Works with division web master to develop and update web site information about program and projects. Recommends policy to the Pacific Salmon Initiative Coordinator concerning funds allocated for Increasing Economic Opportunities for SE Salmon Fishermen. Assists with development of overall annual strategy that forms the basis for program area plans. Minimum Qualifications: Graduation from college with a degree in economics or a degree in any field including or supplemented by 20 semester hours in economics and 6 semester hours in mathematical statistics or econometrics AND Two years of professional experience in the collection, analysis, interpretation and reporting of economic, scientific, or social science data. Substitution: A master's degree in economics or a specialty of economics or supplemented by 6 semester hours of mathematical statistics or econometrics will substitute for 1 year of experience. A Ph.D. degree in economics or a specialty of economics will substitute for 2 years of experience. Clerical or technical experience in statistics, research or economics may substitute for the required education on a year-for-year basis.

Aquatic Biologist - Studies plants and animals living in water, and environmental conditions affecting them: Investigates salinity, temperature, acidity, light, oxygen content, and other physical conditions of water to determine their relationship to aquatic life. Examines various types of water life, such as plankton, worms, clams, mussels, and snails. May specialize in study of salt water aquatic life and be designated Marine Biologist; or fresh water aquatic life and be designated Limnologist. May specialize in culture, breeding, and raising of aquatic life, such as shrimp, lobsters, clams, oysters, or fish, and commercial fish farm operations and be designated Aquaculturist.

Habitat Biologist - (Alaska Department of Fish and Game) - Under supervision, conduct or assist in review of private and public agency development plans for impacts to fish and wildlife resources, habitats, and public use of, and access to, fish and wildlife; and apply fish and wildlife resource data to permitting and project review of land use planning processes. Assist in identifying fish and wildlife habitats in need of protection and restoration, and in planning and developing protection and restoration strategies. Distinguishing Characteristics: As the first level of a professional series, the work involves assignments in which the scope, objective, priorities and timelines, methods and techniques are well defined and established by the supervisor, apply to most situations encountered, and do not require significant deviation from the project plan. Duties focus on obtaining fish and wildlife resource and habitat information and applying biological principles in the permitting, project review, land conveyance, and planning processes to minimize negative impacts to fish and wildlife resources, habitats, and public use of, and access to, fish and wildlife. Incumbents are responsible for the more routine projects, such as those specific to one type of permit or one defined geographical area. These projects generally require basic project design; data collection, compilation and analysis; and preparation of summaries, reports, permit stipulations, and recommendations; or the work may require assisting a higher level professional in completing part of a project of broader scope and complexity.

Procedures for doing work have been established and a number of specific guidelines are available; however, incumbents are expected to interpret and adapt agency policies, statutes and regulations, precedents, and work directions for application to short-term problems of limited consequence to resources, industry, agency, or project proponent or sponsor. Incumbents assist in preparing Fish Habitat Permit and Special Area Permit decisions but are not delegated departmental signature authority. The Habitat Biologist series is distinguished from the Fish and Wildlife Technician series in that biologists are assigned a basic problem, area of inquiry, or phenomenon to be explained and understood. The work requires the application of theory related to research and scientific methods in the planning, execution, and documentation of the basic assignment. Incumbents interpret biological data, formulate conclusions, and make recommendations for the preservation and restoration of fish and wildlife habitat and for public use of, and access to, fish and wildlife. Conversely, a technician's primary task is data gathering in support of habitat management, research, and permitting; and techniques are delineated in written guidelines, procedure manuals, or operational plans. Technicians obtain skill and practical knowledge by experience and on-the-job training whereas professionals are recognized by their facility with principles of "the scientific method" and theoretical knowledge acquired through higher education and professional training. Examples of Duties: Assist in developing recommendations regarding effects of development and resource extraction projects on fish and wildlife resources, habitats, and public use of, and access to, fish and wildlife (e.g., timber, mineral, and oil and gas sales, gravel removal, tideland developments, road and highway projects, and hydroelectric and seismic programs). Assist in planning and conducting studies, summarizing and analyzing data and preparing reports on habitat impacts and restoration. Obtain baseline data for preparation and review of environmental impact statements for proposed highways, pipelines, harbors, and other construction projects, or to assess damages and mitigation options after natural or industrial disasters. Conduct on-site inspections of projects to monitor compliance with permit stipulations. Investigate reported violations and initiate appropriate enforcement actions. Recommend mitigation actions and penalties for violations. Obtain and provide fish and wildlife resource and habitat data to federal, state, and local agencies to help develop permit conditions and stipulations which may affect project decisions. Monitor activities on state game refuges and critical habitat areas, and respond to requests for information regarding those areas. Identify and recommend habitat enhancement or restoration needs on refuges and other high-use areas that are important for fish and wildlife, or for public access to and use of them. Identify, locate, and mark public access to fish and wildlife resources. Prepare written reports of work accomplished, including tables, maps, and other figures. May work in the field in remote locations. May supervise technical support staff. Knowledge, Skills and Abilities: Working knowledge of basic scientific methods and techniques for biological research and reporting. Working knowledge of fish and wildlife habitat requirements and ecological relationships. Some knowledge of habitat protection and restoration strategies; issues, problems, and research techniques; and policies, procedures, statutes, and regulations affecting the conservation, protection, and restoration of fish and wildlife habitat. Some knowledge of related disciplines such as forestry, range or grassland management, hydrology or limnology as they apply to fish and wildlife habitat issues. Some knowledge of federal and state statutes, regulations, and policies, related to fish and wildlife habitat and/or public access (e.g., Alaska Statute Titles 16 and 41). Ability to monitor projects and land transfers for compliance with fish and wildlife habitat and access related statutes, regulations and permit requirements. Ability to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, with staff and the public. Ability to lead others and to work as a member of a team. Ability to organize, analyze and evaluate data. Familiarity with computers including database and spreadsheet software. Ability to use statistics, maps and charts as analytical tools and to present information in clear and concise written reports. Ability to operate boats, motors, all-terrain vehicles, cameras, electrofishers and other scientific equipment, and fly on small aircraft including helicopters. Minimum Qualifications: Bachelor's degree from an accredited college with a major in the science of biology or a branch of biology. Substitution: Bachelor's degree from an accredited college in any major providing the degree includes or is supplemented by 24 semester or 36 quarter hours in biology or any branch of biology, limnology, or dendrology, 16 semester or 24 quarter hours of which must have been upper division course (junior/senior level, typically bearing course numbers of 300 or higher). Required Job Qualifications: (The special note is to be used to explain any additional information an applicant might need in order to understand or answer questions about the minimum qualifications.) Special Note: Clarification of Degree Areas for meeting Minimum Qualifications: Merriam-Webster dictionary definitions will be used to determine whether or not the degree major is defined as a branch of biology, or other qualifying field. Examples of qualifying degree majors for Habitat Biologist: Biology is defined as the science that deals with the origin, history, physical characteristics, life processes, habitats, etc., of plants and animals. Biometrics, Botany, Microbiology and Zoology are defined as all branches of biology. Ecology is defined as a branch of biology; however, for the purpose of this class series, the degree focus must be on plants and/or animals versus human groups. Entomology, Ichthyology and Herpetology are all defined as branches of zoology. Limnology is defined as the science that deals with the physical, chemical, and biological properties and features of fresh waters, especially lakes and ponds. Dendrology is defined as the study of trees. Closely related degree areas are not accepted by degree title alone. Examples of majors which may have courses appropriate for the substitution to apply include but are not limited to, the following: Hydrology, Forestry, Oceanography, Environmental Science, Natural Resource Management, Earth Science, Agronomy, Land Management, Range Management, Watershed Management, Landscape Architecture, Aquaculture, Animal Science/Husbandry.

Manager Fish Hatchery - Alternate titles: fish culturist; superintendent, fish Hatchery. Manages public or private fish hatchery, applying knowledge of management and fish culturing techniques: determines, administers, and executes policies relating to administration, standards of hatchery operations, and

Shellfish Grower - Alternate title: oyster culturist. Cultivates and harvests beds of shellfish, such as clams and oysters: Lays out and stakes tide flats (ground beneath shallow water near shoreline). Piles up stone, poles, and mud, using farm tractor and hand implements to make dikes to control water drainage at low tide. Removes debris by hand and levels soil with tractor and harrow. Sows spat by hand or with shovel or sets out strings or baskets of shells onto which spat attaches. Covers seeded area with mixture of sand and broken shells or transfers seeded strings or baskets to growing area. Rigs net or star mop (mop of heavy rope yarn) and drags it over bed behind power boat to maintenance of facilities. Confers with BIOLOGISTS and other fishery personnel to obtain data concerning fish habits; food and environmental requirements; and techniques for collecting, fertilizing, incubating spawn, and treatment of spawn and fry. Oversees trapping and spawning of fish; incubating of eggs; rearing of fry; and movement of fish to lakes, ponds, and streams or commercial tanks. Prepares reports required by state and federal laws. Prepares budget reports, and receives, accounts for, and dispenses funds. May approve employment and discharge of employees, sign payrolls, and perform similar personnel duties. May manage hatchery concerned with culturing shellfish and other marine life and be designated Manager, Marine Life Hatchery; Manager, Shellfish Hatchery. entangle and remove shellfish predators, such as crabs and starfish. Walks about bed at low tide, and scoops or digs shellfish and piles them onto barge or mud sled, using pitchfork or shovel. Packs shellfish, according to market specifications, in containers and returns small ones to bed. Poles barge to wharf at high tide or pulls it, using boat. Drags mud sled from bed, using tractor. May pour oil around bed and spread oil-treated sand over bed with shovel to form chemical barrier to shellfish predators. May reach from boat with rake-tongs and grope for shellfish by moving handles to open and close tongs. May supervise workers who cultivate and harvest bed. May negotiate with buyers for sale of crop. May be designated according to type of shellfish grown as Clam Grower; Oyster Grower.